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گُلگَشت 20 - "آفریقای کوچک" ‌کجاست؟
 
گُلگَشت 20
جغرافیا ، بخشی از جامعه است .
شنبه 27 اردیبهشت 1393 :: نویسنده : نبی الله حاجی زاده
"پارک ملی کویر" که به آفریقای کوچک نیز معروف است، ‌نمایشگاهی طبیعی از وحوش کمیاب بیابانی و کویری است.

 وجود کل و بز، قوچ و میش وحشی، گربه شنی، جبیر، یوزپلنگ ایرانی و گونه‌های متعددگیاهی و جانوری مختلف،"پارک ملی کویر"را به یکی از مهمترین زیستگاه‌های دنیا مبدل کرده است. 

‌"پارک ملی کویر"، در واقع شبه جزیره‌ای است که بین دریاچه نمک، کویر ریگ، کویر مرکزی و کویر گرمسار محصور بوده و نمونه بارزی از بیابان‌ها و استپ‌های کم آب است. این منطقه در سطح کره زمین یکی از چند نقطه‌ای است که به عنوان ذخیره‌گاه زمین باید مورد حفاظت قرار گیرد. 

"آفریقای کوچک" ‌کجاست؟

این منطقه در سال ۱۳۴۳ توسط کانون شکار ایران با مساحت ۶۰۹ هزار و ۴۳۸ هکتار حفاظت شده، اعلام شد و در سال ۱۳۵۵ به پارک ملی تبدیل شد و در سال ۵۷ شورای عالی محیط زیست با آزاد اعلام کردن قسمت‌های جنوبی، آبریزهای کوه سرخ و آبریزهای جنوبی کوه سفید آب را جزو پارک ملی اعلام کرد و مساحت پارک به ۶۷۰ هزار هکتار رسید. در سال ۶۱ با توجه به شرایط اقتصادی، اجتماعی و امکانات و توانایی های حفاظتی به دو قسمت پارک ملی به وسعت ۴۲۰ هزار هکتار شامل منطقه سیاه کوه، نخجیر، سفید آب و کلیه ارتفاعات و تپه ماهورها و دشت های مجاور آن و منطقه حفاظت شده کویر به مساحت ۲۵۰ هزار هکتار شامل دشت‌های مکوش، سیاه پرده، پرده زرد و ارتفاعات دوازده امام  تقسیم شد‌. 

مجموعه مناظر بکر طبیعی، شامل کوه‌ها، دشت‌ها، دق‌ها، چشمه‌ها، ریگزارها و همچنین زیستگاه برخی از وحوش کمیاب و نادر از جمله یوزپلنگ ایرانی، گربه شنی جبیر، کل، بز، میش و قوچ و انواع پرندگان و خزندگان از جمله این ظرفیت‌ها‌ست. 





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